Badakhshan province is located in the far northeast part of Afghanistan between Northern Pakistan & Tajikistan. It also shares 91 KM border with China. The total area this province holds is 44,059 Square KM with the population of approx. 0.9 Million people. There are 28 districts and over 1,200 villages in this province while Feyzabad is considered as provincial capital. The major part of this province is occupied by Pamir & Hindu Kush mountain ranges.
Just like Afghanistan, this area also has a long history; it was first conquered by the Achaemenid Empire. From early 16th century till mid-18th century this area was ruled by the Uzbek Khanate of Bukhara. In 1750 Murad Beg gave it to Ahmed Shah Durrani after the treaty of friendship and the area became a part of Durrani Empire. It was ruled by the Durranis and then by Barakzai dynasty. It remained untouched during the Anglo-Afghan Wars that were fought in 19th and 20th century. It remained peaceful till the Soviet-Afghan war in 1980s when a group of Mujahideen became a rebellious against local government.
In 1990s Badakhshan was under the influence of forces that are loyal to Ahmed Shah Massoud & Burhanuddin Rabbani who were the part of government until 1996. This was the only provenience that Taliban didn’t conquer during their reign. That’s why during the war Mawlawi Shariqi established a non-Taliban emirate here which was in parallel to Islamic Revolutionary State of Afghanistan.
The province was shook by an earth quake on 26 October 2015 whose origin was Hindu Kush mountain ranges and had a magnitude of 7.5 Mw, the earthquake destroyed 30,000 homes and several hundred were dead.
Today this province is governed by Shah Waliullah Adeeb. The neighbouring countries who share borders with Badakhshan are Tajikistan, Pakistan & China and these borders are monitored by Afghan Border Police (ABP). On the other hand all the law enforcement activities within the province is monitored by Afghan Nation Police (ANP). Both of the ANP and ABP is led by the provincial police chief who reports to Ministry of Interior in Kabul.
Badakhshan is the last stop on the ancient Silk Road which is valuable trading path and that’s why after the fall of Taliban China is showing great interest in the development of road and infrastructure in this area.
The province has massive mineral reserves; the geographical survey shows that there are fare deposits of gemstones in this area, the most specific gemstones are rubies & emeralds. As per estimates the mines at Kuran Wa Munjan district have up to 1,290 tons of Azure(Lapis Lazuli). Even after having huge deposits of mineral reserves and gemstones, this area is considered as one of the poorest areas in the world due to lack of infrastructure and technology.
Due to lack of health, infrastructure and inaccessible location this area has one the highest rate of maternal mortality in the world. Growing opium poppy is the source of income in this province.
The situation of healthcare and education is improving in this region but there is still so much to do for the prosperity of this region.