The Daykundi province was established on March 28, 2004 in south west Afghanistan; previously this area was a part of neighbouring province Oruzgan, an isolated Hazara dominated northern district which was later on sliced and identified as a separate province. The total area of the province is 18,088 km² and it has eight districts. Nili serves as the capital of the province.
The approximate population of the province is 0.545 million, it’s a Hazara province as the ethnicity Hazara dominates the province with 90% of the total population. Some other ethnic groups also reside in this region. For instance 6.5% of the total population are Pashtuns and Balochs take up 3.5% of the population. Just like the rest of Afghanistan, Islam is the prevailing religion in the province with Shi’as as the majority and Sunnis as the minority.
As it’s a multi-ethnic rural tribal society, there are multiple languages that are being spoken in the province, which include Hazargi, Pashto, Balochi & Dari.
The province is surrounded by neighbouring local provinces. In its northeast is the Bamyan Province, then in the southeast is the Ghazni Province, Urozgan provinces touche the south, the Helmand Province is in the southwest and in the northwest is the Ghor Province.
This province has given some role models to Afghanistan. For instance Sarwar Danish who is a lawyer, politician and the second vice president of Afghanistan, Hussain Sadiqi who is an athlete and represented Afghanistan in various competitions in world and Zahra Mahmoodi who served as a former captain of Afghanistan’s National Women Football team. Apart from these celebrities, many famous writers like Ali Payam, Hamza Waeezi & Kawa Ayric also belong to this province.
The province maintain its security by the help of Afghan National Police(ANP) & military. ANP is responsible for all the law enforcement activities in the province which is led by the provincial police chief, who represents the Ministry of Interior in Kabul.
In 2015 Masooma Muradi was chosen as the governor of the province. After that, engineer Mahmoud Baligh took the charge and then in December 2018 ,Sayed Aala Rahmati was declared as the governor of Daykundi province.
Being an isolated area, the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, UN, & NATO’s forces have shown insignificant involvement in its reconstruction. After the rainfall and flooding in February 2007, some initiatives were taken by United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA), which was well recognised by a local NGO from Oxfam operating in the province. They described UNAMA’s input as an impressive support for the flood relief program.
In November 2007, a World Food Program group who was carrying a mix food aid had to abandon their mission due to security concerns. The Interior Ministry of Afghanistan confirmed that a group of Taliban rebels had penetrated in the southern district of Kajran for destabilising the province. After that on November 11, 2007, a military operation was launched by the Afghan forces to driving out the insurgents.
The problems of insurgency and deficiency of food remained till 2012. In October 2012 various government officials warned the government & NGOs that if they will not address this issue with proper support, then Daykundi will witness many deaths in coming winter. By that time, a rebel leader joined the government initiated peace drive, after which the US started to build new government institutes in the province.
The main agriculture item of the province are high quality almonds, which are exported to all provinces in Afghanistan.