The Farah province is located in west of Afghanistan. It shares its border with another Islamic country, Iran. The province has a total area of 48,471 km² and is divided in 11 districts which further contains 100 of villages. The city of Farah serves as the capital of the province. It is the fourth largest province of Afghanistan and is a home of some great ruined castles; the Castle of the Infidel is located on the south of the capital city. It is also believed that the tomb of Muhammad Jaunpuri is situated in this province.
The total population of the province is approximately 0.593 million. Pashtuns dominate the province as they contribute up to 80% of the total population. Then come the Tajiks, who contribute 14% of the population and then Balochis. This blend makes the province multi-ethic and mostly a rural tribal society. Aliza, Barakzai & Nurzai are considered as the primary Pashtun tribes of the province.
As the Pashtun ethnicity dominates the province, it’s why the dominant language is also Pashto which is spoken by 60% of the population, the second language that is common in this region is Dari which is spoke by 30% of the natives. A small number of people also speak Balochi & Brahui language.
The province covers the area of 19,000 square miles, which is half the size of South Kora & twice the size of Maryland. The province is bounded with other national provinces: on the north is the Herat province while the northeast is bounded with Ghor Province. The Helmand province is in the southeast and in the south, the Nimroz province is situated. The west side of the province touches with Mahirud which is a border town in Iran.
Doctor Muhammad Shah Jahan Arif is the present governor of the province who replaced Mohammad Asif Nang. The Afghan National Police(ANP) looks after all the law enforcement activities of the province while the Afghan Border Police(ABP) is responsible for monitoring all the activities of the neighbouring Iran border. Both Afghan Border Police and Afghan National police come under the administration of a provincial police chief who represents Ministry of Interior in Kabul.
Farah’s economy is driven by agriculture sector. 74% of the rural households earn their income either by agriculture or livestock the remaining 24% declared trading and service as their main source of income. Apart from that, the province also has some fine deposits of natural minerals such as gypsum, lime stones, Uranium and Copper ore. More than 1400 workers have been employed by 16 manufacturing firms in province.
Farah Airport is located near the capital city of Farah and has regular flights to Herat. The main road which connects Farah to the Ring Road between Herat & Kandhar is route 515 which was upgraded in 2009 for trade ease.
The provincial government is currently focusing on the education sector and healthcare sector. The health care sector has shown a slight improvement with respect to previous years while the education sector is still lagging behind with the literacy rate of 25% in the province.