Kapisa is the smallest province located in the Central Afghanistan with a covering area of 1,842 km² which is comprised into 7 districts and then further divided into 100 villages. It is the second most densely populated province after Kabul. Mahmud-I-Raqi is the administrative capital of the province while the Nijrab district is the most populous district of the province.
The approximate population of the province is 0.515 million which is multi-ethnic and mostly a tribal society. Tajiks dominate the region with almost 50% of population followed by Pashtuns who are 30% and Uzbecks who are 17% of the total population. There are also some Hazara and Nuristanis (ca. 3%) living as minorities in the province.
The province is located 80 Km northeast of Kabul Stark mountain. It shares its border with neighbouring provinces like Panjishir is in the north and Laghman is in the east. The south of the province touches Kabul province, while the southwest borders with Parwan.
Kapisa is the mixture of mountainous terrain, river valley and central plains. The highest mountain region is in the east with bordering Panjishir and Laghman province. The location of the province has a strategic importance and that’s why many fights have been fought on it since the dawn of time.
In July 2017, the president Hamid Karzai removed Abdul Sattar Murad from the governor position and in his replacement Ghulam Owais Abubaker was selected as governor of Kapisa province. Some believe that Murad was removed due to inefficient governance while wide number of people says that he was removed due to his critical comments he passed in an interview on the central government of Afghanistan.
All the law enforcement activities in the province are being monitored be Afghan National Police (ANP) which is backed by Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). The Afghan National Police (ANP) reports to a provincial police chief who represents the Ministry of Interior in Kabul. The province is considered as an important piece of property and it is a gateway to Kabul which is why it faces fierce fights between insurgents and Afghan forces every now and then.
The primary source of income for the inhabitants of Kapisa is agriculture and the province is a producer of Saffron and trades it as well. A trade day occurs once a week and the objective of it is to socialise and trade. Previously the province also contained a cinema and a textile industry but both of these were destroyed during the Soviet-Afghan War. The province also has a provincial cricket team which represents Kapsia in domestic tournaments.
The health sector of province is not up to mark and the provincial government is looking into it and as of right now, there are no hospitals in the province for inhabitants.
The literacy rate of the province had also declined by 7% with respect to previous years. Al Beurni University is situated in the province which is named after a famous Islamic scholor Al-Beurni who was born in this region. Presently the university is offering courses in many disciplines like Agriculture, Islamic Studies, Medical, Engineering and Literature.