Kunduz is located in the North East of Afghanistan with the covering area of 8,040 km². It is comprised of 7 districts which are further divided into various villages. The Kunduz River runs from the province irregularly from south to north and falls into the Amu Daryab which is a border between Afghanistan and neighbouring country Tajikistan. A bridge has been constructed that crosses the Amu Darya at Sherkhan Bandar. Irrigation canals are being used for providing water to Irrigated fields which makes it an agricultural province. The province also has rain-fed fields and open land which cover several miles. Kunduz serves as the capital of the province and Kunduz airport is located next to the city.
The approximate population of the province is 1.196 million which is multi-ethnic and mostly a tribal society. The Hazara ethnic dominates the region by 35% of the total population followed by Pashtun with 25%. Uzbeks & Tajiks are 10% of the population while Turkmen and Arabs makes 9.4% & 4.6% respectively. The major languages used are Pashto, Persian, Dari & Uzbeki. Sunni Islam dominates as a religious sect with 54% of the population while 36% are Shia Islam followers.
In the past the area has been ruled by various empires. In Mid-18th century Ahmed Shah Durrani made the area a part of the Afghans Durrani Dynasty. In the early 1920s, a huge number of Russian Turks migrated in the north of the province. The territory also remained under the supremacy of Sher Khan Naseer. He put the foundation of the Spinzar Cotton Company in the region. It was in his regime when Kunduz was declared as the wealthiest province of Afghanistan.
More than one hundred to two hundred thousand Uzbeks & Tajiks migrated in northern Afghanistan when their homeland was taken over by the Russian Red Army.
Asadullah Omarkhel is the present governor of the province. Afghan National Police (ANP) monitor all the law enforcement activates in the province while the activities on the border with neighbouring Tajikistan are protected by Afghan Border police (ABP). Both ABP and ANP are led by a provincial police chief who represents the Ministry of Interior in Kabul. ABP and ANP are backed by Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and NATO.
The main source of income for the residents of the province is agriculture and livestock farming. Vegetables and fruits are the most common cultivated items but there are also some farms of sesame and cotton.
Some women in the province are employed in production of garment items & carpentry as well.
Sherkhan Bandar port is considered an international outlet for promoting Kunduz’s goods; it is also used for importing goods from the Middle East, Asia and Persian Gulf.
Kunduz also has its provincial team which represents the province in Afghan Domestic Cricket. The province also gave the international Afghan team a player like Mirwais Ashraf who represents Afghanistan in international cricket.
The education sector and healthcare sector of the province showed a dip with respect to previous years as the literacy rate of the province has fallen to 30%.