The Afghan constitution and Independent Directorate of Local Governance (IDLG) stated the name of the province as “Wardak”. The province is located in the Center of Afghanistan and has an area of 9,934 km², just like the rest of the country the major part of the province is mountainous while it also has some plain land and valleys. It has 9 districts which are further divided into various villages. Maidan Shar serves as the capital of the province which is 35 km away from Kabul. The most populous district of the province is Saydabad.
The approximate population of the province is 0.70 million which is most a tribal society and multi-ethnic; Pashtuns, Hazaras & Tajiks make the 70% of the total population. The majority of the Tajiks live in the northern districts while the Haraza lives in the western districts of the province. The province also holds a small number of Qizilbashs who are ethically Persians and are practicing Shi’a Muslims.
As the province is in the center of Afghanistan, it only shares its border with neighbouring provinces; for instance on the northeast is the Parwan while on the west is Bamyan. Kabul and Logar are on the east. The majority of the population lives in the rural areas and concentrates on available irrigation and water sources. Areas along with Kabul-Kandhar highway are considered as the heavily populated areas. Unai Pass and the Hajigak Pass are the famous passes that intercept the province.
Due to its agricultural lands and nearness with Kabul, the province gained a significance importance during Civil war in Afghanistan. In winter 1995, Taliban invaded and captured the area as it was a major route to Kabul. In 2008, the security situation got worse and in 2009 Ministry of Interior listed the province as “High Risk”. In October 2017 US forces made the first solid push for breaking the Taliban hold in the province.
Mohammad Halim Fidai is the serving governor of the province. Afghan National Police (ANP) along with Afghan Local Police (ALP) looks after all the law enforcement activities in the province. Afghan National Police (ANP) is administrated by the provincial police chief who represents the Ministry of Interior in Kabul.
The major commercial activity is this region comprise of trade of agricultural and livestock products. Around 43% of the households in the province earn their living by agriculture while the 24% of the household earn through trade or services. 79% of the rural households own agricultural lands and garden plots.
The province also has deposits of natural resources like marble, petroleum, iron, rubies and others. There is only one marble factory that is functional in the province right now but due to government bans no mining of marble is being done right now.
The province also has a black market where you can buy anything you need which will exactly look like the real product but it will not be genuine; for instance here you will see Beats headphones, Samsung cell phones or laptops and other fake items.
The education and healthcare sector has shown a significance improvement in past few years, right now the literacy rate of the province is approx. 30%. The number of primary and secondary schools in the province are 251 which cater around 105,358 students. And the teacher to student ratio is 1:36.